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Worry beads 

or kombolói, kompoloi (Greek: κομπολόιIPA: [ko(m)boˈloj]bead collection; plural: κομπολόγιαIPA: [ko(m)boˈloʝa]) is a string of beads manipulated with one or two hands and used to pass time in Greek and Cypriotculture. Unlike the similar prayer beads used in many religious traditions, including the Greek Orthodox komboskini, worry beads have no religious or ceremonial purpose.

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1. GYAN MUDRA – FOR WISDOMGyan mudra

Other names: Vaayu Vardhak Mudra1(Vaayu – air, Vardhak– to enhance)

Gesture: Touch together the tips of index finger with that of the thumb

Benefits:

  • Increases the air element within the body
  • Boosts enthusiasm, initiativeness and creative thinking
  • Enhances cognitive process and memory
  • Great tool to ward  of drowsiness, lethargy and mental retardation

Ideal time for practice: anytime

Special Note: This is the ideal position for yogis who wish to meditate and seek withdrawal from material world.

2. VAAYU MUDRA – FOR CALMNESSvaayu mudra

Other names: Vaayu Shaamak Mudra (Vaayu – air, Shaamak – to suppress)

Gesture: Place the tip of index finger at the base of the thumb and thumb upon this finger ( at the first phalangeal joint), gently pressing it

Benefits:

  • Decreases the air element within the body
  • Calms a restless and anxious mind
  • Pacifies overactive hormonal and nervous system
  • Good for aggressive, hyperactive people, or those with issues of limited attention span

Ideal time for practice: anytime

Our second element is Ether or space, which is mostly considered inactive due to its subtleness. It governs the collective consciousness of a yogi and enables it to resonate with the cosmos. The associated chakra with this element is the fifth chakra, Visuddha.

3. AAKASH MUDRA – FOR LIGHTNESS8022167

Other names: Aakash Vardhak Mudra (Aakash – space, Vardhak – to enhance)

Gesture: Touch together the tips of middle finger with that of the thumb

Benefits:

  • Increases the space element within the body
  • Relieves mind from negative worrisome thoughts and emotions like fear, sorrow and anger
  • Detoxifies body from metabolic wastes
  • Ideal for those who suffer from congestion issues (post-meal, in the head/sinuses, ear, or chest)

Ideal time for practice: anytime, 2-6 am/pm gives best results

Special Note: Those with light, swift, and agile body should do it in moderation (not more than 30 minutes a day)

4. SHUNYA MUDRA – FOR PAIN RELIEFM5Shunya

Other names: Aakash Shaamak Mudra (Aakash – space, Shaamak – to suppress)

Gesture: Place the tip of middle finger at the base of the thumb and thumb upon this finger ( at the first phalangeal joint), gently pressing it

Benefits:

  • Decreases the space element within the body
  • Helpful in disorders of the ear like acute pain, impaired hearing, tinnitus, nausea, travel sickness, etc.
  • Aids in warding off the feeling of severe numbness in body parts like head, chest, etc.
  • Suitable for people having a pronounced Vata constitution

Ideal time for practice: anytime

Special Note: Though it can be practiced anytime, performing this mudra in case of acute ear-pain, vertigo or numbness is recommended, but should be discontinued when the problem subsides.

Next in the series is the Earth element which governs the body’s physical constitution including bones and tissues, with special effect on the nose (smell). Simultaneously, we’ll discuss the Fire element too. It controls the growth, glands, metabolism and temperature aspects of the body.

Although, earth and fire mudras produce quite opposite effects on the body, they have their separate energy chakras. The associated chakra for earth is the first chakra, Muladhara, but for earth it is the third one,Manipura.

 

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RELIGIOUS OBJECT

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“For many individuals, God is a major source of comfort and strength that makes the world seem less threatening and dangerous,” Matt Bradshaw, an author of the study, said in the press release “Through prayer, individuals seek to develop an intimate relationship with God. Those who achieve this goal, and believe that God will be there to protect and support them during times of need, develop a secure attachment to God.

Others, however, glean something different from praying. People who have “avoidant or insecure attachments to God” — such as people who are agnostic, for example — may not feel totally comforted or confident that God “will be there for them when they need Him,” Bradshaw continued. “For these individuals, prayer may feel like an unsuccessful attempt to cultivate and maintain an intimate relationship with God. Rejected, unanswered or otherwise unsuccessful experiences of prayer may be disturbing and debilitating — and may therefore lead to more frequent and severe symptoms of anxiety-related disorders.”

Prayer And Mental Health

Some researchers and psychologists have found that people who prayed or attended church were more likely to recover from illness or surgery quicker than people who didn’t; these people were also less likely to experience depression. This is possibly because religion provides a community support system and consistent social bonding opportunities. Socializing has been shown to reduce stress and depression, especially among older adults. Religion strengthens social ties, since people who share common beliefs tend to bond quickly.

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HAND POSES

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Dhyana Mudra

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The word “dhyana” just means “meditation” and “mudra” means “position of the fingers.” The illustration shows the classic meditation mudra, with the right hand resting on the left, thumb-tips lightly touching. 

This is a very comfortable position in which to rest the hands. It also acts as a “meditation effort meter.” When you’re slacking off in meditation and your mind is daydreaming, you’ll find that the thumbs drift apart. On the other hand, when you’re straining (which often happens unconsciously) the thumbs will be pressed together, making a small “mountain.”

So if you keep monitoring what’s going on in your thumb-tips it will help you to become more aware of whether you’re making too much or too little effort — of just the right amount.

When your meditation is going well and you’re alert but relaxed (i.e. you’re making just the right amount of effort in a relaxed and sensitive way) the thumbs are lightly touching.

Often people find that as they start to relax in meditation they begin to have pleasant sensations in the hands, and in the tips of the thumbs in particular. It can feel as if a mild current of energy is flowing between the thumbs in a very enjoyable way. This is normal. It’s nothing to worry about (people worry about all kinds of things, even pleasurable ones). In fact it’s a good sign because this only happens when you’re beginning to relax and when the mind is calming down significantly.

At that same time it’s nothing to get excited about. It’s not a sign that you’re enlightened and although it is an indication that your practice could go deeper, getting excited will actually stop that from happening. Telling you this probably won’t stop over-excitement happening in your practice — you’ll have to learn by experience — but it may help you to catch yourself sooner and just relax into the meditation practice when this sort of phenomenon happens.

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5. PRITHVI MUDRA – FOR STRENGTH8022167

Other names: Prithvi Vardhak Mudra (Prithvi – earth, Vardhak – to enhance), Agni Shaamak Mudra (Agni – Fire, Shaamak – to suppress)

Gesture: Touch together the tips of ring finger with that of the thumb

Benefits:

  • Increases the earth element while decreasing the fire element within the body
  • Boosts new tissue growth, muscle building and healing process
  • Relieves from fatigue and helpful  in case of brittle bones, hair, nails, and dry skin by enhancing strength, vitality and endurance
  • Regulates metabolic process and body temperature, thus ideal for skinny people and those who suffer from frequent fever, inflammation, ulcers, etc.

Ideal time for practice: anytime

6. SURYA MUDRA – FOR WEIGHT LOSS4709644

Other names: Prithvi Shaamak Mudra (Prithvi – earth, Shaamak – to suppress), Agni Vardhak Mudra (Agni – fire, Vardhak – to enhance)

Gesture: Place the tip of ring finger at the base of the thumb and thumb upon this finger ( at the first phalangeal joint), gently pressing it

Benefits:

  • Increases the fire element while decreasing the earth element within the body
  • Beneficial in general abnormally low body temperature as well as in shivering due to cold
  • Ideal for people with suppressed thyroid activity, progressive weight gain, indigestion, constipation or loss of appetite
  • Helps in absence of sweating of vision problems

Ideal time for practice: anytime

Special Note: Practicing more than 30 minutes at stretch can overheat the body.

The fifth and final element constituting our body is water, which constitutes more than 70% of the human body. Hence, it influences tissues, joints, skin, tongue, and taste. The corresponding energy chakra is the second chakra, Swadhisthana.

 

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The Rosary (Latin: rosarium, meaning "crown of roses" or "garland of roses"), in its most commonly known format as the Dominican rosary, is a form of prayer used especially in the Catholic Church or a string of prayer beadsused to count the component prayers. When used of the form of prayer, the word is usually capitalized ("the Rosary"), as is customary for other names of prayers, such as "the Lord's Prayer", "the Hail Mary", "the Magnificat". When referring to the beads, it is normally written with a lower-case initial ("a rosary").

The prayers that essentially compose the Rosary are arranged in sets of ten Hail Marys preceded by one Lord's Prayer and followed by one Glory Be. During recitation of each set, known as a decade, thought is given to one of the Mysteries of the Rosary, which recall events in the lives of Jesus and Mary. Normally, five decades are recited in a session. Other prayers are sometimes added after each decade (in particular, the Fátima Prayer) and before (in particular, the Apostles' Creed), and after (in particular, the Hail, Holy Queen) the five decades taken as a whole.

The rosary as a material object is an aid towards saying these prayers in the proper sequence.

A standard fifteen Mysteries of the Rosary, based on the long-standing custom, was established by Pope Pius V in the 16th century, grouping the mysteries in three sets: the Joyful Mysteries, the Sorrowful Mysteries, and the Glorious Mysteries. In 2002 Pope John Paul II suggested a new optional set of five, called the Luminous Mysteries, bringing the total number of mysteries to twenty.

For over four centuries, the rosary has been promoted by several popes as part of the veneration of Mary in Roman Catholicism. The rosary also represents the Roman Catholic emphasis on "participation in the life of Mary, whose focus was Christ", and the Mariological theme "to Christ through Mary", taught by Saint Louis de Montfort.

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Namaskara, or Anjali mudra, is the hand gesture that evokes greeting another being with the utmost respect and adoration for the Divine in all. As you can see, the greeting is expressed in a form of prayer coming from one's heart or the third eye.

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7. VARUN MUDRA – FOR MOISTURIZATION5892956

Other names: Jal Vardhak Mudra (Jal – water, Vardhak – to enhance)

Gesture: Touch together the tips of little finger with that of the thumb

Benefits:

  • Increases the water element within the body
  • Helpful in painful joints, arthritis, scanty body secretions and loss of taste sensation
  • Those who suffer from deficiency of hormones or cramps and general dehydration can benefit immensely from this mudra
  • Great for people with dry skin, hair, eyes, eczema, digestive system (mouth, throat, indigestion, constipation), etc.

Ideal time for practice: anytime

Special Note: People with problems of water retention should avoid this mudra.

8. JAL SHAAMAK MUDRA – FOR STABILITYd77175e8372f4ffbcddc27609fd33bb2

Other names: Jal Shaamak Mudra (Jal – water, Shaamak – to suppress)

Gesture: Place the tip of little finger at the base of the thumb and thumb upon this finger ( at the first phalangeal joint), gently pressing it

Benefits:

  • Decreases the water element within the body
  • Beneficial in excessive salivation, runny nose, watery eyes, sweaty palms, etc.
  • Good for those with complain of excessive glandular secretion or hyperacidity
  • Helps with oe1dema or water retention
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Hand Yoga Pose 7: SHUNI MUDRA:

Practice:

Taken by bringing the middle finger and thumb tip together, while other fingers are kept straight.

Benefits:

  • Promotes patience.

Shuni Mudra – Front View 

 

 

Shuni Mudra – Side View

 

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